At the department of propaedeutics of children diseases of SEI «ATSMU» 30.10.19 year , an open lesson was held on the topic of ” Diwali is a festival of light ” with the participation of teachers of the department and students of the 8th and 2nd groups of the 2nd year of bachelors (teacher – Kasimova P.V). Presentation was prepared by students of group 8th: Manjeet , Mandeep , Yadav Himanshu .
• Diwali is a festival of light
• It is the Hindu New Year
• Diwali is also celebrated by Sikhs and other countries around the world
• Diwali is an Indian festival and lasts for 5 days
• It happens during October and November
• The festival is in honour of the Goddess Lakshmi who Hindu’s believe brings them good luck in the coming year
Houses are cleaned and decorated with Rangoli patterns. The patterns are placed on door steps to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi. Small lamps are also lit all around the house called diyas. This is to make sure that Lakshmi can see the houses and visit them to bring good fortune to the family. Small colourful foot prints are drawn on the floor in the houses to show her long awaited arrival to the family home. Cards and small gifts are given out to family and friends. Hindu’s often make special Diwali sweets called Barfi.
Goddess Lakshmi is very important to Hindu’s. They pray that Lakshmi will visit their family and bring them luck and happiness. Lakshmi holds a lotus flower which represents beauty. The gold coins she has represent bringing wealth to Hindu’s. Lakshmi has four arms which represent the four goals in life as taught in the Hinduism faith.
Diwali celebrates the return of Rama and Sita. Prince Rama and Princess Sita are married. They were sent to live in the forest with Rama’s brother Lakshman by their stepmother as she wanted her son to be King. They are to stay away for 14 years. Ravana, the ten headed demon heard of Sita’s beauty and planned to kidnapher. By magic, he made a golden deer appear. Sita saw the deer and wanted to stroke it but each time she got near the deer moved. Ravana had tricked Sita and the deer led her to him so he kidnapped her and took her to his island called Lanka. Rama and Lakshman searched for Sita for many months. Finally they asked Hanuman, king of the monkey army for help as he could fly. He found Sita imprisoned on the island of Lanka. Hanuman, Rama and Lakshman prepared for battle as they knew Ravana would not be pleased they had taken Sita. It looked as though Ravana was going to win until Rama got a special bow and arrow from the gods and aimed it at Ravana. It shot Ravana and the battle was won. Rama and Sita decided to return home. As it got dark, people lit diyas in their windows to show them the way home. Rama and Sita arrived home and everyone was happy to see them. Every year people remember this story by celebrating Diwali and lighting diyas inside their homes and fireworks outside.