Terrorism is a method of political struggle using ideas of terror and intimidation through threats and violence to incite fear and panic among the population.
Terrorism is an extreme degree of extremism, when adherence to radical views develops into illegal actions. The term "terrorism" comes from the Latin terror (fear, terror). As a socio-political and socially dangerous phenomenon, terrorism has a centuries-old history.
The purpose of this brutal action is to achieve the ultimate goal, destabilize the political situation, provoke conflicts between segments of society, blacken the image of the state, create chaos and at the same time aggravate diplomatic relations between other countries. Today, people have witnessed how international terrorism carries out its aggressive actions under the cover of political adventure and religious fanaticism.
Tajikistan supports the view that combating terrorism is one of the most important tasks facing humanity today and condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and calls for concerted action by the entire international community to eradicate this oppression at the global and regional levels. Over the past decade, hundreds of thousands of civilians have been victims of terrorist acts and thousands more have been disabled.
Extremism is a call by social masses for violent action against an existing political, religious or social order. Throughout historical development, the theme of extremism has been expressed in racial, social, national, linguistic affiliation of a person.
Extremism (from Latin extremus - extreme) is the theory and practice of achieving socio-political, religious, national goals through "extreme", prohibited methods. These methods are understood as unauthorized use of force, violence, encroachment on human and civil rights and freedoms.
The following types of extremism are distinguished: political, national and religious. Examples of extremism include provocation of riots, civil disobedience, terrorist actions, and guerrilla warfare methods.
Religious extremism is a religious justification for concealing religious activities aimed at inciting enmity and religious hatred through violent seizure of power, undermining the independence and integrity of the state. In our time there are people, parties, movements and organizations that want the world to be shaped by their will. For this purpose, they take away the will of some young people, give them all kinds of drugs, drive them crazy and use them to implement their plans. Extremist and terrorist groups skillfully use religion to further their own goals. They know that young people are inevitably weak in faith and at the same time do not have a thorough knowledge of their faith or religion. Therefore, the religiously and secularly illiterate, inexperienced and ignorant fall into the trap of such extremist groups. The youth, who are the driving force of society, should not be misled by the false propaganda of terrorist and extremist groups, to pursue their selfish goals, thus depriving themselves of a prosperous life. That our youth participate in wars in foreign countries and accept martyrdom is totally senseless. At what cost do they perform "jihad", leaving their children orphaned, their wives widowed, their mothers' hearts bleeding? Although the religion of Islam being the most tolerant of the world religions does not require such sacrifices.
Parents need to control children's use of the Internet. Because one of the reasons why young people follow foreign, extremist views is the Internet, which leads to the destruction of their ideology and morale. As a result, they become disobedient and disrespectful to their parents. Websites are the main source of poisoning and trapping young people for terrorist and extremist groups. It is through the Internet that many young Tajiks join extremist groups, become enslaved to foreign masters and squander their young lives in the interests of the elite. The modern world is presented to the younger generation with the development of technology. However, the use of machines and technology requires everyone to know how to use them wisely. Because today there are people who use the progress of technology, including the internet, for their selfish actions. In order to prevent and warn the youth from the evil influence of such groups, there are media literacy specialists who are available to the general public. Media literacy specialists conduct trainings that teach the general public, most of whom are young people, how to make the best use of the Internet.
Citizens of the country must remain vigilant and fight against unscrupulous individuals who want to destabilize our society. After all, the present and future of the nation must be built by patriotic, educated and conscious citizens. The unique historical miracle of state independence of the Republic of Tajikistan was not easy. Thanks to the constant efforts of the Founder of Peace and National Unity - Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, today we Tajikistanis live in peace and tranquility.
In response to these concerns of the leader of the nation, we, the current generation, who have assumed responsibility for the fate of the state and the nation, must always be united, turn to creativity and contribute to the development and prosperity of our country. Every citizen, every member of this society should strive to protect the independence and integrity of the country. Because it is impossible to imagine the future of the Tajik people and nation without the existence of the Tajik nation-state.
c.ph.s., associate professor of the social sciences department
Avicenna Tajik State Medical University,