Today's world faces many problems related to water. According to 2017 statistics, more than 750 million people did not have access to clean drinking water, and it is expected that by 2030 approximately 40 percent of the world's population will face water scarcity given the gradual population growth. The problem that concerns specialists in the field is the misuse of water in the agricultural sector, which has led to salinization and erosion of irrigated land, and this problem jeopardizes the achievement of food security in the future. Because the world's food resources are produced precisely at the expense of agricultural irrigation. Another acute water problem is lack of interstate cooperation on transboundary water use. It should be noted, that transboundary river basins cover 45% of arid part of the globe, and over 40% of the world population lives on their territory. There are 145 countries of the world in these basins, and without close and comprehensive cooperation it will be difficult to solve water issues in this context and provide appropriate level and quality of life for their population.

Better water management, efficient use of water resources, cooperation and participation, strengthening intellectual, financial and technical actions of water-related organizations and increasing funding in this direction, which are among the important goals of the International Decade for Action "Water for Sustainable Development". Development, 2018-2028 will contribute to addressing these issues, and the global community will see much benefit in doing so. The International Decade of Action, Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028, is being implemented under Sustainable Development Goal 6, which is universal access to water and sanitation. The Sustainable Development Goals are the new global agenda from 2015 to 2030. According to the 6th Sustainable Development Goal, the international community has six targets to be achieved by 2030:

- By 2030, provide all of the world's population with clean and safe drinking water;

- By 2030 to provide all of the world's population with favorable conditions for health;

- Improve the quality of drinking water by 2030;

- By 2030 to improve the quality of water use in all sectors, including agriculture;

- By 2030, ensure water management at all levels, including through cross-border cooperation;

- by 2020 to protect and restore the ecological system related to water, including glaciers, rivers and lakes.

"I believe the new decade will make a valuable contribution to strengthening and implementing the Water-related Sustainable Development Goals. The Decade also strengthens and broadens the achievements of the International Decade for Action, “Water for Life”, 2005-2015.

I am confident that the new Decade will contribute to the implementation of other water-related actions, including the work of the High Level Panel on Water, in addressing current and future challenges that may arise during the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Sustainable development plays a significant role."


Ex-UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

The goals of the International Decade of Action "Water for Sustainable Development" for 2018-2028 are considered a reflection of the urgent needs of the international community, as noted, more than 190 countries of the world have co-sponsored the resolution, which is an important and timely indicator of the good and humanitarian initiatives of Tajikistan. The Republic of Tajikistan, as an active member of authoritative international organizations, constantly speaks from high world tribunes with great initiatives and initiatives to solve global and regional problems, including issues related to water and ecology for people's happiness, and in this regard, it is one of the leading countries in the world.


Valiev Davlatyor

journalist of the rector’s Service


Ruzimuhammad Ismoilov

25.04.2023 583