Innovations in science, technology and innovative technologies developing at a cosmic pace work in international languages (English, Russian, German, Chinese, etc.). The use of modern technical equipment in various fields of human activity requires a good knowledge of foreign languages. In order to fully and properly use the capabilities of modern technical equipment, it is necessary for a specialist to have a good knowledge of the working language of the equipment.
Encouraging students to learn foreign languages is the first step in the learning process. Students need to understand that we are very important. Continuing to study abroad or working in prestigious organizations in the country requires each student to master their profession at a high level, as well as knowledge of foreign languages. Professional communication in the native and foreign languages at a high level, a broad outlook, a high level of understanding of the issues and other professional skills, which are the basic concepts of any profession, will be the key to success for any future specialist.
Every student needs to know their native language very well before learning a foreign language, otherwise they will not be able to master a foreign language at the required level. A student who is studying a foreign language learns a lot about the nuances of his mother tongue. As Wolfgang Goethe put it, "A person who does not know at least one foreign language does not know anything about his mother tongue".
In teaching a foreign language, a number of factors must be taken into account when teaching a language to students who do not specialize in language learning. Different levels of students 'mastery, when (hours) are not enough for the subject "Foreign Language", in combination with the formation of four pillars of communicative activity (reading, writing, speaking, and comprehension) of students from a foreign language, relying on students' specialization (Their specialization is one of the main factors that every university teacher must take into account.
In the process of teaching a foreign language, in order to take into account the professional orientation and specialization of students, it is advisable to enrich the vocabulary of students with their professional terms. Awareness and mastery of professional terms allows students to master professional terms, which allows them to translate texts related to their specialty, learn the necessary materials and information in a foreign language or from sources. (foreign websites, foreign media, etc.) and in future professional activities during trips abroad, participation in meetings, seminars and round tables at the international level should not be limited to knowledge and communication in a foreign language.
The main purpose of paying special attention to the professional (professional) terminology of students when teaching a foreign language is to ensure that when teaching a foreign language, when developing written and oral speech of students, we do not exclude them from our scope. To ensure this, we must use modern methods. One of the modern methods of teaching, which is used to enrich the vocabulary of students with professional terms, the use of professional terms in the process of learning a foreign language, written and oral communication and obtaining the necessary information related to the specialty.
Integrated education - in the Tajik interpretive culture - education is defined as covering two or more subjects.
Integer-perfect teaching is a study that rejects the division of knowledge into individual disciplines. When teaching foreign languages, integrated education offers the study of several languages of the same region with information of cultural, historical and political nature.
Integrated learning of a foreign language not only motivates students to learn a foreign language, but also encourages them to pay more attention to their professional study. When students in the English class, instead of delving deeper into the phonetic and grammatical structure of the English language, find new information in their field of specialization, they become more curious. They can understand that knowing a foreign language is a good tool for developing their professional knowledge and is the key to many doors of science and knowledge. As they say in English: “KNOWING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IS A KEY TO MANY LOCKS” and Walter Scott noted: “Knowing many languages you have many keys to a lock” (More keys for one lock).
In non-language universities, the main goal of teaching a foreign language is to teach it as a means of communication. Every university student must be able to read general and specialized texts accurately and correctly, and the university students must be able to read and translate general and specialized texts accurately and correctly. It also depends on the student's ability to read fluently. Comprehension, fluency, text and professional communication of a student in a foreign language are other requirements of the university. Only when the words are understood correctly can a person communicate. When learning a foreign language, in addition to reading the text, speaking and comprehension of the spoken word (understanding), another pillar of communication, writing also has its place. After graduating from universities, during their professional activities, future professionals will use all these pillars of communication, so we need to develop them in harmony and at a high level.
Teachers of the Foreign Languages Department:
Mananova P.I., Kayumova M.A.