At  the department of propaedeutics of children’s diseases of  SEI «ATSMU»  07.11.23  year an open lesson was held on the topic of  «The festival of  lights and  happiness  Diwali» with the participation of teachers of the department and students of the 7th  group of the 2nd  year of bachelors (teacher – Kasymova P.V).  Presentation was prepared by students of group 7th:  Tanishk Goyal.


    Welcome to «The Festival of Lights: A  Sparkling Celebration of Diwali»! Get ready to immerse yourself in the  vibrant and joyous atmosphere of  Diwali, the festival of lights. Diwali is a  Hindu festival celebrated worldwide,  symbolizing the victory of light over  darkness and good over evil. Join us as  we explore the traditions, customs,  and significance of this dazzling  festival.


    Diwali, derived from the Sanskrit word  «Deepavali», means «row of lights». It originated in ancient India and is associated with various legends and mythological stories. The most popular legend is the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating the demon  king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya  welcomed him by lighting diyas and  bursting firecrackers. Diwali also marks  the beginning of the Hindu New Year.


Diwali is a time of extensive  preparations and decorations. Houses are cleaned and decorated with  colorful rangoli (artwork made from  colored powders), flowers, and lights.

    Diyas are placed around the house to  symbolize the triumph of light over  darkness. People also buy new clothes and exchange gifts with family and friends. The atmosphere is filled with  excitement and anticipation.

    During Diwali, people perform various  religious rituals and offer prayers to  deities. Lakshmi, the goddess of  wealth and prosperity, is worshipped  to seek blessings for a prosperous year  ahead. Temples are adorned with  flowers and lights, and special  ceremonies are conducted. Families  gather for puja (prayer) and seek  divine blessings. The spiritual aspect of  Diwali adds depth to the celebrations.

   Diwali is a time for indulging in a  variety of mouthwatering sweets and  snacks. Traditional delicacies like  gulab jamun, barfi, jalebi, and ladoo  are prepared and shared with loved  ones. These delectable treats add a  touch of sweetness to the festive  celebrations. The aroma of freshly  made sweets fills the air, enticing  everyone to savor the flavors of Diwali.

Fireworks and ficrackers are an  integral part of Diwali celebrations.  The night sky comes alive with dazzling displays of lights and colors.  Fireworks symbolize the triumph of  light over darkness and are believed to  ward off evil spirits. People gather  together to enjoy the mesmerizing  spectacle and create a festive  atmosphere filled with joy and  excitement.

   Diwali holds deep symbolic significance.  The lighting of diyas represents the  inner light that dispels ignorance and  brings forth knowledge. The bursting of  firecrackers signifies the triumph of  good over evil and the vanquishing of  negativity. Diwali is a reminder to  embrace positivity, spread happiness,  and let our inner light shine brightly.

   While Diwali is a joyous festival, it is important to be mindful of its  environmental impact. The bursting of  firecrackers leads to air and noise pollution,  causing harm to the environment and  animals. Opting for eco-friendly celebrations by using fewer fireworks and  promoting sustainable practices can help  preserve the beauty of our surroundings  and ensure a greener Diwali.

         Department of propaedeutics of children's diseases

07.11.2023 532