It is absolutely natural that the topic of terrorism and extremism in the modern world and its information field is one of the most topical. The extremely dangerous socio-political and criminal phenomena of terrorism and extremism, as well as their varieties - criminal terrorist acts, extreme nationalist (separatist) manifestations, religious extremism, which represent a global threat to the security of the world and humanity, have become a huge problem of today. Tens of thousands of terrorist explosions have already occurred in many countries of the world, and the list of victims is long. A series of unprecedented in its consequences terrorist acts on the territory of the USA, Russia, Spain, Great Britain, India, Iraq, Indonesia, France and other states since the late 90s showed that the currently established mechanisms of countering terrorism in most states of the world do not correspond to the level and nature of the terrorist threat. At present, countering terrorist explosions is not a local task for one country, but a truly global problem. It should be noted that terrorism concerns both developed states and countries undergoing the stage of reform and formation, and is a huge threat to national security. In the late XX - early XXI century. The world faced the growth of extremism and terrorism, being completely unprepared neither from the point of view of practical struggle against these phenomena, nor from the position of their theoretical understanding.
Extremism (from Latin Extremus - extreme) is the commitment of individuals, groups, organizations to extreme views, positions and measures in public activities. Its purpose: destabilization, destruction of relations and values established in society. As any manifestation, extremism has certain characteristic features: violence or threat of violence; one-dimensional perception of social problems; fanaticism; thoughtless implementation of any orders; reliance not on reason, but on instincts, prejudices; inability to tolerance.
Terrorism is a serious crime where an organized group of people seek to achieve their goal through violence. Often innocent people, including children, are victims of terrorism. Terror is intimidation, suppression of opponents, physical violence, up to physical destruction of people by committing acts of violence (murder, arson, explosions, hostage-taking). Hence, terrorism is a form of extremism. The word "terror" means "terror" in Latin. Terrorists are extremely cruel people who want to frighten us by any means, people who take hostages, organize explosions in crowded places, use weapons. There are 3 types of modern terrorism: nationalistic, religious and political. The concept of "terrorism", "terrorist", appeared in France at the end of the 18th century. This is how the Jacobins called themselves, and always with a positive connotation.
The prevention of terrorist and other extremist activities includes the preparation and implementation by the State and its authorized bodies of a comprehensive system of political, socio-economic, informational, educational, organizational, operational and investigative, legal, special and other measures aimed at preventing, detecting, suppressing terrorist activities, minimizing their consequences, and identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions contributing to them. The prevention of extremism and terrorism is not only a task for the State, but also for representatives of civil society. This work depends on the clear position of political parties, public and religious associations and citizens. The prevention of extremist manifestations should be seen as a tool to unite the efforts of citizens in strengthening economic and political potential.
The complication of the international situation and the increase in terrorist and extremist threats require the adoption of additional steps to preserve stability in society and to counter manifestations of terrorism and extremism. Terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and in its scale and intensity, its inhumanity and cruelty has now become one of the most acute and pressing problems of global significance. All manifestations of terrorism entail mass human casualties, destroying all spiritual, material and cultural values that cannot be recreated for centuries. Therefore, it is necessary to take all measures to combat terrorism and extremism.
Taifurova Shakhlo Nazaralievna assistant
Department of obstetrics and gynecology №2