Bobojon Ghafurov is a hero of Tajikistan, a political and statesman, an outstanding historian, a famous Tajik orientalist, doctor of historical sciences, professor, a member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan. Bobojon Ghafurov’s life as a scientific, public and state figure, described in the memoirs of his associates, studies of his scientific activities is an inseparable part of the modern history of the present sovereign Tajikistan. Bobojon Ghafurov was one of the first fighters of the cultural revolution, one of the first organizers of modern science and culture of Tajikistan, one of the largest party and state figures, organizer and one of the first academicians of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
His role in the cultural and economic life of the republic is very significant. His contribution to the development of such fields as journalism, historiography and oriental studies is also not insignificant. B. Gafurov left a rich scientific-popular, historical, socio-political heritage, his publicistic works have been published in many magazines, publicistic almanacs, collections, brochures and books in many languages of the peoples of the world. Among his works, the book "Tajiks" dedicated to the history of the Tajik people occupies an outstanding and special place. Some Tajiks believe that this book serves as an encyclopedia on the history of the Tajik people for future generations and is on a par with such universally recognized masterpieces as "Shohnoma" by Firdavsi and "History of Bukhoro" by Narshahi. This truly great book covers the history of the Tajik people from ancient times to the 18th century.
The Founder of peace and national unity - Leader of the nation President of the Republic of Tajikistan, his excellency Emomali Rahmon in the preface to one of the editions of the book "Tajiks" about Ghafurov wrote: "By writing his great literary masterpiece - "Tajiks", he has brought true pleasure not only to the Tajik people, but also to all people of the world who speak Iranian languages, to all lovers and connoisseurs of civilization of the East and to all inhabitants of Central Asia".
Bobojon Ghafurov is a hero who defended the right of the Tajik people to their own history. This book deals with such important issues as the history of Tajik ancestors, the formation of the Tajik people, the history of the origin and development of its language and culture, and the place of Tajiks in world civilization. Bobojon Gafurov managed to prove that the Tajik people is one of the most ancient Aryan and Central Asian peoples. He made an invaluable contribution to the formation of national consciousness of the Tajik people. In the "Preface" of the book he writes: "The study of the history of the Tajiks, their distinctive contribution to the common treasury of human culture is connected with the study of all the peoples of Central Asia, with the identification of what united them." The closest ties between the two peoples - Tajik and Uzbek - are highlighted in particular detail. The historical ties of the Tajiks and other Central Asian peoples with the peoples of the East are also considered.
President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Leader of the nation his excellency Emomali Rahmon in 2008 during his speech on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Bobojon Ghafurov emphasized: "The book "Tajiks" was a flame that illuminated the dark pages of the history of the Tajik people." According to the President of Tajikistan, in the conditions of globalization and development of information technologies, which leads to the clogging of national culture with alien elements, turning to history, cognition of oneself, is very important and even obligatory for every person, especially teenagers and young people.
The Founder of peace and national unity - Leader of the nation President of the Republic of Tajikistan, his excellency Emomali Rahmon in his Address to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan (26.12.2019) emphasized: "We should know our ancestors, honor them and be proud of our Aryan origin. In this regard, the Government of the country is instructed to republish the fundamental work of Academician Bobojon Ghafurov "Tajiks" at the expense of the Fund of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and distribute it free of charge as a gift from the Head of State to every family in the country before the celebration of the 30th anniversary of State Independence."
U.R. Yuldoshev, Head of the department of Russian language, doctor of philological sciences, professor.
translated Ismoilov R.