Influenza is an infectious disease that can affect anyone. The route of transmission is airborne. The virus is released with droplets of saliva, mucus and sputum when breathing, talking, crying, coughing and sneezing. The virus from infected people enters the nasopharynx of others. The disease is widespread and manifests itself in outbreaks and epidemics, covering a significant proportion of the susceptible population, which represents a serious social and medical problem. Diseases are registered throughout the year, they are much more frequent in the fall and winter period, which contributes to the crowding of the population and the influence of climatic factors. Therefore, everyone should know about flu prevention.
Prophylaxis is based on compliance with the rules of anti-epidemic regime in the conditions of the focus of infection.
The patient should be isolated in a separate room, where daily wet cleaning and ventilation should be carried out.
reduce the time spent in crowded places and public transportation.
Use a mask in crowded places.
avoid close contact with people who have the flu.
wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
rinse your nose with saline and apply oxaline ointment to your nasal passages.
Eat as many vitamin C-containing foods as possible.
Eat as many garlic and onion dishes as possible.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with your hands.
If possible, get a flu shot before the flu season begins.
Remember your health is in your hands.
Senior lecturer of the department infectious diseases c.m.s., Tosheva Sh.A.