National dress is a part of national culture, a remnant of our ancestors, which has not lost its charm and beauty over time. It is gratifying that in recent years the country's leadership has paid more attention to reviving folk crafts, promoting national dress, developing it among the people and thus providing jobs for women and girls. It is clear from the sources that the Tajiks, as an urban and creative nation, have made a valuable contribution to the creation of the great heritage of human civilization. The Tajik people have become famous as the discoverer and inventor of silk, silk fabrics, including the world famous atlas.

Atlas and adras dresses have long been highly prized, and kings and wealthy men gave their patrons and generals silk garments made of these fabrics as a token of honor. Ancient kings paid war indemnity with atlas cloth, and in exchange for the monthly wages of warriors, they gave them a lunda of atlas cloth.

In fact, the atlas and adras shirt should not be a seasonal attire, it should not be worn on the eve of and during the celebration of holidays, and in addition, it should be the daily attire of every Tajik woman. A dress made of atlas and silk is certainly beautiful for the wife of an executive and a businessman, for a scientist and a teacher, as well as for a student and a schoolboy.

History shows that Tajik woman and mother have always been the keepers of sacred customs and traditions of the people and nation. One of the main and special symbols representing the culture and civilization of different peoples of the world is their national dress, and when we talk about national dress, the image of a woman in special clothes comes to mind. Unfortunately, for some time, imitation of foreign culture by wearing tight-fitting short skirts, short skirts and hijab spread among our youth, which was a danger to the national culture. Our women have been wearing long skirts below the knee with a thin waist since ancient times.

Satr and hijab in the form that has become popular today were characteristic of nomads and had nothing to do with our national dress. The black line is completely alien to our people. It is a pity that today our young people unknowingly like to wear foreign clothes and do not enjoy the rich culture of their own people. They do not think that disrespecting their art, civilization and history is disrespecting the nation.

Since our national clothing is a sign of our culture, let us not corrupt the national culture by blindly imitating foreigners and passing it on to future generations. We hope that manufacturing enterprises of the country will contribute more to the production of quality and affordable fabrics and, using the skills and talents of domestic professional craftsmen, will provide the consumer market of the country with competitive and demanded goods and fabrics as much as possible.



Safargul Sodiqova – c.m.s., assistant of the department of biochemistry

translated Ismoilov R.

25.05.2024 1646