At the beginning of the XXI century, human behavior and the development of his/her creative potential fully depend on the wide spread of the latest information and telecommunication technologies.

The Internet takes a special place in the processes of reforming and modernizing the information sphere.

Thanks to its universality and democracy, in a short historical period it has become a leader in satisfying information requests, which are fundamental human needs, thus creating a qualitatively new information environment of human life, and is increasingly gaining the trust of the world community, especially the younger generation. The Internet is turning into a cultural value of a citizen, family and society as a whole.

The founder of peace and national unity, the Leader of the nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, esteemed Emomali Rahmon, at a meeting with representatives of the country's public, emphasized that "today, unfortunately, the Internet is used by terrorists and extremists to recruit young people for extremist propaganda".

The Republic of Tajikistan and the competent authorities are making many efforts to protect the information rights and freedoms of citizens, especially of the younger generation, in terms of legislative, technological, educational and upbringing measures.

Today's realities prompt the idea of active participation of civil society institutions in strengthening the cultural education of Internet users, so that the cultural self-improvement of users becomes part of their needs, thus paying special attention to the active part of users in terms of their education and instilling a sense of social responsibility for the creation, distribution, consumption of content and other use of network opportunities.

Why cultural education of the user rather than legal, technological and organizational regulatory measures?

Deviating from the topic, I would like to draw attention to an analogy. In the biological world there are many risks for human life, there are also serious problems in interpersonal, ethical and spiritual terms. The virtual world in projection reflects both positive and negative human actions. This analogy as a mirror reflects the problems rooted in the human factor. Given that the biological and virtual worlds are mutually communicating vessels, where the former is primary, the human factor is at the epicenter of the problems of the two worlds.

The Internet contributes to the development of culture in two directions. The first is related to the blurring of national boundaries of culture, overcoming of language barriers, destruction of partitions between such forms of culture as science, art, education, leisure, etc. The second is related to the fact that in this culture, each person has the opportunity not only to passively perceive the content of culture, but also to influence the world of culture. The advent of the Internet undermines the foundations of monologism in culture, which means the decline of "closed" cultures, which carry the potential for all kinds of conflicts on interethnic, confessional, national or party grounds.

Thus, the Internet heralds the birth of a culture of global dialog (culture as a dialog of cultures), an "open" culture in which each participant has his or her own voice, leads his or her own party, can join his or her voice to that of others, or influence the overall sound.

The expected positive results in the virtual world can be obtained by educating and qualitatively improving the cultural qualities of a person in the biological world both in everyday life and in society as a whole. It is the cultural education of a citizen (user), positive achievements in this area are the cornerstone of the foundations of spirituality and security of the entire information space in both the biological and virtual worlds.

Culture as a system of values, having such functions as communicative, adaptive, creative, cognitive, regulatory, continuity, interaction and other components, in transformation with the Internet can and should take a leading position than other regulatory mechanisms. The Internet as a phenomenon of modernity and culture, as a pillar of human civilization, cooperating in one vector, forming a single platform - Internet culture, should be ahead of the curve.

In general, Internet culture is called to participate in the solution of a twofold task, namely, on the one hand, to educate and shape the modern user, to form a cultural communication environment, to ensure the spirituality, morality and democracy of the Internet, and on the other hand, to resist anti-cultural and aggressive content on the network. An important factor here is the development of Internet culture, where the diversity, relevance and richness of resources of the national segment of the Internet is of particular importance.

The concept of Internet culture for the user should associate spirituality and safety of the virtual world, positive use of networks, avoiding abuse of freedom of access to the Internet. Culture for the Internet should serve as a tool for self-regulation, and for the user - as an internal self-assessment.

It is known that culture has been evolutionarily transformed into all spheres of social life, eventually forming such institutions as "political culture", "legal culture", "trade culture", "technological culture", "information culture", "spiritual culture", "computer culture", "entrepreneurial culture", "media culture", and others. Against the background of them, we can conclude that Internet culture indirectly turns into a supersystem. From this point of view, Internet culture is a whole science that requires more profound scientific development and practical modernization, and the improvement of user's cultural qualities will be a more urgent task.

Safarov B.S., - head of the department of medical and biological physics with basics of informatics, c.p.s., associate professor,

Karimova M.D., Mirzoeva Sh., teachers of the

department of foreign languages of Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

07.10.2023 669