In recent decades, an unprecedented development of extremism and terrorism propaganda on the Internet has been noticeable. Unfortunately, the modern world does not fully appreciate the danger of this phenomenon and considers that direct terrorist acts (explosion, arson, hostage-taking, killing of officials, etc.) pose a serious threat to society. The influence of fundamental information is put in the second row and is considered secondary, as it influences in an invisible way and it is impossible to identify its source.

In fact, information extremism is not limited to the phenomenon of verbal influence, but includes other aspects of extremism.

This raises legitimate questions: what is extremism and what is verbal influence? These two categories are combined into one general concept - information extremism. Information extremism is gaining momentum.

Information terrorism is a form of undesirable impact on individuals, society and the state through all types of information. Its main goal is to weaken and destroy the constitutional order. For this purpose, various forces and means are involved - from agents of foreign intelligence services to domestic and foreign media.

The problem of information extremism is sensitive to the values of society. This is due to the fact that the modern stage of development of information relations is determined by the possibilities of information influence both on individual consciousness and socio-economic thinking, which can create a threat of provoking information war.

Extremist groups cover new areas of information space and, finally, successfully introduce their axiological attitudes into the general public. In conclusion, it can be emphasized that information extremism is a preparatory stage for other types of extremism. It creates a favorable environment for the spread and acceptance of extremist ideas.

Today's young generation is very dependent on the Internet, which has very negative sides. Young people are spending more and more time in front of their phones and computers and prefer the virtual world to reality. Various games that promote cruelty and brutality have a negative impact on the psyche of young people.

On the Internet and various social networks, various information is spread in an instant without mentioning names. Tens of thousands of active internet sites and web portals are currently being used by terrorists and extremists. Through social networks they attract new supporters and promote radical ideas.

Terrorism on the Internet is a dynamic and multifaceted phenomenon. The efforts of states to monitor and eliminate extremist and terrorist websites are not always effective. Internet sources and web portals of terrorist organizations change form, try to hide under different content, create new domains, and use hosting sites from different countries. In this context, they abuse and exploit freedom of speech extensively. Experience shows that it is difficult to remove terrorist sites because they use foreign providers. As a result, no state will be able to block an illegal site in another state. Differences in national legislation are also a major obstacle in this way. This approach shows that today the problem of terrorism on the Internet has become a big and important topic for the international community.

Two main types of use of the Internet for terrorist purposes are most developed in the world today: - Informational and psychological terrorism, the essence of which is the use of the Internet to intimidate the population and spread false information, demonstrate the power of terrorist organizations and propagate terrorist ideology. Through the Internet, international terrorist organizations promote distorted fundamentalist ideas of jihad and struggle against infidels, spreading ideas of extremism and terrorism under the guise of religion. Xenophobia spreads when false religious groups instill in their followers a spirit of fanatical devotion and intolerance towards other religions. The policy of large-scale information terror is deployed through the Internet - sources, scenes of murder and torture of people are exposed; - information-technical terrorism or cyberterrorism, the essence of which consists in the destruction of the management system of various spheres of life and damaging the information environment of states. At the same time, cyberterrorism today is especially dangerous because it leads to huge human losses in case of destruction of the life support system of the population.

At the current stage, eight different and partially compatible methods of terrorist networks on the Internet have been identified:

Psychological warfare - used on the Internet to disseminate false information, threats, incite fear, feelings of helplessness, and depict one's own horrific actions.

Advertising and propaganda. The Internet has increased the ability of terrorists to reveal and publicize their activities. Until now, the hope of terrorists to expose their activities has depended on the involvement of television, radio, and other media.

Information Gathering - The Internet can be viewed as a vast digital library. The World Wide Web alone can offer about a billion pages of information, much of it freely available and "interesting" to terrorist organizations. From the Internet, terrorists can obtain detailed information about targets - for example, transportation infrastructure, nuclear power plants, public buildings, airports, ports, and even information about counter-terrorism measures.

Fundraising. Like other political organizations, terrorist groups use the Internet to raise funds.

Recruitment and mobilization - terrorists use the Internet not only to demand "surprises" from their benefactors, but also to recruit and mobilize supporters who play an increasingly active role in supporting terrorist activities.

Networking - many terrorist groups have been able to connect with each other and with other terrorist organizations through the Internet. Modern communications technology, especially computers, is a tool for networking and supporting terrorist networks for several reasons.

Thus, it can be concluded that information extremism, as a new technological phenomenon, has a negative impact on the national security of individual countries, and combating it requires comprehensive intellectual and technical training.


Ruzimuhammad Ismoilov

13.07.2023 1210