HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT HUMAN HEALTH? AN EXPERT'S VIEW

HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT HUMAN HEALTH? AN EXPERT'S VIEW

EXPERT'S VIEW

Weather conditions, especially dusty air, adversely affect human health, which can lead to the emergence and outbreak of inflammatory and allergic diseases. Also, bad weather causes chronic diseases of the respiratory organs, heart and vascular diseases and joints.

According to Parvina Mukhtorova, Director of the State Institution "Republican Center for Healthy Lifestyle Development" of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Population of the Republic of Tajikistan, seasonal diseases, such as shortness of breath, in such weather can cause allergic rhinitis (colds), pollinosis, ischemic heart disease, stress and immune system diseases. Therefore, seasonal illnesses such as severe respiratory infections, bronchial and lung inflammation can aggravate the course of disease in such dusty weather. Since inflammatory and allergic processes occur in the body of people with such diseases, mediators of inflammation and allergy, such as histamine, serotonin, and bradykinin, are released to a greater extent and aggravate the course of the disease. According to our interlocutor, cardiovascular diseases in this climate affect people with coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, rheumatic diseases more.

- In this weather, the above patients are advised not to take unnecessary walks or long trips, and to wear a medical mask when leaving home. Those medications that are constantly consumed should be kept with them and used in a timely manner. If they feel unwell with their health, they should immediately call the family doctor in their area or the emergency services and invite them to their home," said the mentioned person.

Parvina Mukhtorova noted that regardless of such weather conditions, the above patients should follow a diet.

At the same time, citizens are advised to keep their homes and offices clean in this weather. In particular, clean tables, chairs, doors, windows, floors and cabinets of dust several times a day with a damp cloth. It is better to use an electric vacuum cleaner when cleaning your home, as it traps the dust in itself.

At the same time, it is recommended to rinse and clean the nasal cavity and pharynx several times a day with simple solutions of 2% and warm boiled water and to drink hot drinks.

In this weather, citizens need to exercise to improve their body's immunity while staying at home.

moh.tj

translated

Ruzimuhammad Ismoilov


18.04.2023 614
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