HIV INFECTION – TODAY

HIV INFECTION – TODAY

On December 2, at the department of pathological physiology was held a meeting with the participation of the head of the department c.m.s., Toshtemirova Z.M. and teachers of the department and students of 19, 20, 21, and 22 groups of the 3rd year of medical faculty dedicated to World AIDS Day. The students of group 21 made a presentation at the meeting, in which they noted the following:

      “Annually December 1, World AIDS Day is celebrated. People around the world unite to show support for people living with or affected by HIV and remember those who have died from AIDS-related illnesses. Today, AIDS is a disease known in every corner of the globe. It is rightly called a large-scale epidemic, a plague of the 20th and 21st centuries, a real threat to humanity. Today, more than 37 million people living in different parts of the world suffer from the deadly virus, which causes immunity deficiency in humans. Every day about 15 thousand people fall into the category of the sick”.

WHAT IS "HIV", "HIV-INFECTION" and "AIDS"?

HIV is a human immunodeficiency virus.

HIV infection is a disease that develops in a person after infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.

AIDS is the most severe stage of HIV infection, in which the immunity of a person is destroyed by the virus to such an extent that the person begins to suffer from various infectious and oncological diseases.

EPIDEMIC DEVELOPMENT STAGES

• The first recorded death from AIDS was a man in Congo in 1959.

• In 1978, homosexual men in the United States and Sweden and heterosexual men in Tanzania began to show signs of what would later be called AIDS

• In 1981, Michael Gottlieb discovered an infection in the blood that killed cells of the immune system.

• In 1982, a name appeared among scientists - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

• The human immunodeficiency virus was isolated in 1983 in two laboratories: at the Pasteur Institute in France by Luc Montagnier and at the National Cancer Institute in the USA by Robert Gallo.

• In 1985, azidothymidine becomes the first drug used to treat HIV.

• In 1996, antiretroviral therapy began to be used, consisting of three drugs that affect different stages of the development of the virus.

PREVALENCE OF HIV INFECTION

 

In total, more than 33 million people have become victims of HIV in the world. In Tajikistan, from 1991 to October 1, 2020, 12 thousand 876 patients were registered - men - 8228, women - 4648, children under 18 years of age - 1070

HOW IS HIV TRANSMITTED?

The source of HIV infection is only a person at all stages of the disease.

HIV is transmitted in only three ways:

• “blood to blood” (mainly through needles and syringes contaminated with the blood of a patient with HIV infection);

• sexually (any unprotected sexual contact, i.e. without a condom);

• from mother to child (during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding).

Department of pathological physiology

translated Ismoilov R.


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