The human body needs food every day. If the required amount of food does not enter the human body in a certain time, the tissues change. The importance of nutrition in childhood and adolescence as the main factor determines the difference between the body of an adult and the growth and development of a child.
Proper nutrition is the foundation of good health. The food we eat provides the body with the nutrients it needs to function properly. A healthy and varied diet is not always possible. Inadequate nutrition can impair health, increase the risk of infection, lead to stunted growth, delayed puberty, micronutrient deficiencies, bone weakness, and poor reading ability. Consuming wholesome food contributes to better physical and mental development of adolescents.
Deficiencies in micronutrients such as iron, iodine, vitamin A, folic acid, and zinc can be devastating. “Young women and young children are particularly vulnerable to micronutrient deficiencies. For example, iron deficiency at an early age will not be compensated later. As a result, even 10 years after the normalization of iron stores in the body, it can disrupt mental function. To reduce the incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs) that cause diseases like Spina Bifida, folic acid is added to wheat flour,” the source said.
Nutrient fortification involves adding small amounts of micronutrients to staple foods or salads regularly consumed by humans to improve micronutrient utilization.
Nutrient fortification, adding vitamins and minerals to staple foods is a safe and effective way to improve nutrition, health and prevent latent hunger without changing a person's eating habits. Fortification is probably the most cost-effective way to address micronutrient deficiencies, reduce the burden on the health care system, and increase worker productivity.
Micronutrient deficiencies affect all age groups, but children and women of reproductive age are the most vulnerable, and due to micronutrient deficiencies, they cannot achieve their full potential as students, parents, workers, and citizens. Fruits are an important food for humans. Fruit and vegetable products - fruits, nuts and nuts contain a large amount of sugar, oil, aromatic microelements, vitamins of groups B, C, PP, E and others.
Rich in micronutrients and macronutrients. Through fruits, a person receives more than 81 chemical elements necessary for the body. Fruits and nuts are a source of medical nutrition and a source of raw materials for the food, confectionery and pharmaceutical industries. The use of many fruits is recommended to patients as a dietary food; jams, boiled jellies and spices are prepared from jams, fruits and nuts, as well as delicious confectionery and juices.
Teachers of the Department of Foreign Languages
Mananova P.I., Kayumova M.A., Radjabov R.R.