In today's world, the threat of terrorism to extremist groups is one of the burning issues of political science, and its factors, characteristics, ruins are studied by various social sciences. This undesirable process worries human society, and to prevent terrorist factors it will find all the factors, causes and find effective ways and methods to combat terrorism. In this sense, a comprehensive study of this issue is an urgent need.

Even if people are not directly related to the problems of terrorism and its fight, through something else or another topic, they are related to the various problems of terrorism and other forms of political extremism and determine their position. Therefore, research centers and think tanks around the world are focusing on the study of this undesirable social phenomenon. Political extremism and terrorism are leading in this direction. Political extremism originates from the idea of marginal activities, usually through violence to achieve political goals. Moreover, political extremism in all its manifestations has manifested itself as an insurgent current, covered a wide range of countries and regions of the world and became a global phenomenon. This is due to the need for deep reflection and comprehensive understanding of it.

At the present stage, the concept of terrorism and religious extremism has acquired a broader meaning. Under the concept of religious extremism are explained stable religious precepts or one of the types of modern religious consciousness. Despite the fact that in different religious contexts manifestations of extremist tendencies have different reasons. Religious extremism can be talked about as a special phenomenon, the beginning of its existence refers to the 70-80s of the twentieth century. We can observe it in the East in the example of “Taliban”, “Al-Qoida” and “Hizb-ut-Tahrir” movements. christian extremism is also found in the West.

The media in most Western countries published this material as a happy sensation, and no one from the publisher was punished for this extreme work. The activities of anti-Islamic organizations in the West under the title "No Islam" should also be noted. In this sense, in recent decades the attention of religious and political scientists has been riveted to Islam and its role in political and social processes in countries where the majority of the population are Muslims. The main reason for such attention is the growing and increasing influence of Islam on world and international politics. Especially in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the process of politicization of Islam and Islamization of politics began in all countries of the Middle East and North Africa.

The main reason for strengthening this position in the politics of these countries is that Islam can and does regulate and govern all spheres of personal and public life as an integral and perfect religious system.

In order to strengthen the role of Islam in the politics of these countries, traditional ideas about the unity of religion and state and the connection between secular and religious life, which are rooted in the public consciousness of Muslim people, also play an important role. very important role. These ideas are more widespread among members of movements, parties and political groups struggling to adapt state policy and public life to Islamic ideals and norms, and they are widely promoted and encouraged. Especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the geography of newly emerged religious and political organizations and movements has expanded, and some of them have found their way into post-Soviet Muslim countries and regions.

A comprehensive study and research of this issue, the history and ideology of Islamic religious and political organizations and movements is essential for Tajik sociologists, as it allows us to "get to know" these new religious and political phenomena and properly assess their religious and political character and goals, we can also through a systematic study of this issue will determine the relationship between the goals and ideology of organizations and new religious and political movements on the one hand, and religious, national and political, on the other.

For this reason, in studying the history and ideology of these organizations and movements, we must identify the right currents and which of these currents are compatible with the pulse of the religious and political life of our country's society, and which are contradictory. and dangerous. Also the results obtained as a result of the study of this issue will help to offer scientific and practical methods of legal approach to such phenomena and give necessary and timely recommendations to the competent state body.



Ruzimuhammad Ismoilov

27.12.2023 1372