December 1st, the world community celebrates the International Day to Combat Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease. The first cases of this disease were registered in the late 1980s in the United States of America. According to the UN, the number of people with this disease will reach 45.7 million in 2022. According to the UN, 16 thousand people are infected with human immunodeficiency virus every day, 50% of them are young people aged 14 to 20 years old. Since the emergence of this disease in the world, about 60 million people have been infected with it, 20 million of them have died, and this is very alarming.
In the Republic of Tajikistan, a lot of work and actions have been carried out to prevent and combat human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency disease. In particular, February 25, 2017, the "National program to combat the HIV epidemic in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2017-2020" and its implementation plan were adopted by the resolution of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. This program reflects the main objectives of the "National Health Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2010-2020" and includes measures to ensure access of the population to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, and was implemented during the period of the Program.
In September 2008, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Honorable Emomali Rahmon, addressed the general debate of the 63rd session of the UN General Assembly with a visionary analysis and review of the situation of global problems, naming the prevention of the infectious disease of human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency disease of great importance, and the public The world was called to unite here.
This disease can be contracted by anyone, regardless of age or nationality. The disease is often transmitted by sexual contact with infected persons, by transfusion of blood containing the virus from a mother carrying the virus to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding, by needle use in public places and other routes of other infection.
It should be noted that according to the provisions of article 125 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, the realization of responsibility is envisaged for persons who have infected other people by various means with the disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency disease.
In order to learn about this disease in time and prevent the infection of loved ones, each person should be examined at least once a year. Protect yourself and others from human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency diseases.
Hakimov Y.V., assistant of the department of internal medicine №2