Extremism (from Latin extremus - extreme) can be defined as the commitment of individuals or groups of individuals to extreme, radical views that relate to public life (more often its political sphere).
Examples of extremism include violent change of the foundations of the constitutional order and violation of the integrity of the state, public justification of terrorist actions, incitement of social, racial, national or religious discord and other activities that threaten the security of society and violate the rights and freedoms of many citizens with a clear ideological basis.
The fight against extremism is conducted in two directions:
carrying out preventive measures that prevent extremist activity;
detection, prevention and suppression of extremism emanating from individuals and legal entities.
Terrorism (from Latin terror - fear, terror) is an ideology of violence and the practice of influencing decision-making by organizations of the international community, state bodies, local self-government bodies, carried out through intimidation of the population and (or) through other forms of illegal violent actions.
The key element of terrorism is fear, which terrorists disperse in society by their sudden acts.
A counter-terrorist operation is carried out to suppress a terrorist act. A special restrictive legal regime for ordinary citizens may be introduced in the territory of its implementation in order to maintain security. A natural person found guilty of carrying out terrorist activities is criminally liable:
The concepts of "extremism" and "terrorism" are interrelated. Terrorism is a component of extremism, one of its manifestations, directly related to violence or threat of violence and impact on the state. Extremism is broader: it includes such activities that are not violent, but still grossly violate the rights and freedoms of citizens, having an ideological background (for example, publicly knowingly false accusation of a person holding public office).
Both terrorism and extremism involve adherence to radical views and threatening or violent practices that discriminate against others on any grounds and negatively affect society.
Extremism is primarily aimed at negative transformations of the political space (human casualties are not necessary), while terrorism aims to destabilize the state of society as a whole.
Both extremism and terrorism are destructive social forces that negatively influence the consciousness of their adherents and interfere with the normal life activities of other people. Countering these crimes is much more difficult than, for example, theft or even murder, because the original intent of extremism and terrorism lies in the idea of harming as many people as possible and society as a whole.
Department of foreign languages of ATSMU