"Terrorism" is a word in the 21st century that probably everyone has heard. Many say it is an ideology or policy based on fear. While this idea is true to some extent, this is only part of it. While in the past, in order to change foreign or domestic policies or achieve their goals, terrorists would first attack specific individuals, but today the situation has changed.
Terrorism in the 21st century has become a means of waging war. It is no different from "information warfare," "guerrilla warfare," "economic warfare," or other attacks. The goal of any war is victory (no matter whether it is "cold" or "hot"), and if new territories are conquered in the course of hostilities, terrorism is the power to humiliate, incite fear and cruelty on the opposite side.
To shed light on this issue, we need to look at different types of terrorism, including religious, political, social organizations, various terrorist organizations - ISIS, Taliban, Al-Qaeda, Hizb-ut-Tahrir and social groups. what organizes and attracts them, let us analyze. We should treat terrorism as a "historical phenomenon" with its own characteristics and historical development.
Every battle has two objectives: strategic and tactical. Strategic ones are a single goal, such as winning the war, changing the power structure, changing economic markets, etc. Tactical are local or intermediate objectives, such as capturing a city, conducting an operation, or overthrowing an existing power.
Terrorism has only tactical goals: to invalidate the structure of the state, to terrorize, to plunge society into a state of fear and despair. Terrorists want to achieve their goals through violence, murder, fear and terror. To this end, they target crowded places such as hospitals, schools, churches, kindergartens, subways, etc. In the event of a successful terrorist attack, the fear stage occurs. During this period, people are afraid to leave their homes, use public transportation, attend mass events, etc.
We must realize that terrorism of the nineteenth and twenty-first centuries are different phenomena. For example, the twentieth century is the century of world war and its consequences; a century which, according to analysts, is divided into three parts: the uninterrupted continuation of the nineteenth century, the time of world war and human unrest, and the very rapid beginning of the twenty-first century. In the nineteenth century, all terrorist attacks were directed against specific individuals - with the desire to get individuals on their side, to change policy or the historical process. But today its strategy is not to kill an individual or a group of people, but to instill fear.
The most important feature of terrorism in the 21st century is its transformation into a political and economic problem. More precisely, this multifaceted problem has led to the development of terrorism.
In short, terrorism today is more transnational and global in nature. It is spreading in different regions of the world, poses a great social risk and is a real threat to the security of individual countries and regions.
Zuhra Tursunova – dinformation and public relations department