International decade "Water for Sustainable Development”
Even though some progress has been made on water issues and initiatives of the Republic of Tajikistan within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals, as of 2017, between 750 million and 1 billion people worldwide do not have access to the clean water. According to analysis and estimates of international experts, in 2030 the amount of water per capita will reach a dangerous level, less than 1.7 thousand cubic meters per year. For comparison, it should be noted that in the sixties of the last century, this indicator was equal to 60 thousand cubic meters.
Along with significant progress on the Millennium Development Goals in the International Decade "Water for Life," 2005-2015, new threats such as climate change, rapid population growth, and the resulting growing demand for energy are forcing the global community to respond. At the end of this decade, they did not stop their cooperation on water issues, but proposed new initiatives to solve water problems. With this in mind, the Republic of Tajikistan presented its fourth initiative to the global community, titled "International Decade Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028." This initiative was first proposed by the Leader of the Nation Emomali Rahmon at the 7th World Water Forum on 12 April 2015 in the Republic of Korea and adopted by the UN together with more than 190 countries. According to the relevant UN resolution, the International Decade " Water for Sustainable Development", 2018-2028, will begin on International Water Day, March 22, 2018, and continue until March 22, 2028. The main goal of the UN Resolution on the Declaration of the International Decade "Water for Sustainable Development," 2018-2028, is to provide additional mechanisms and platforms to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in the water sector and other internationally agreed upon water-related goals. In particular, the Resolution requires UN Member States, intergovernmental organizations and all stakeholders to focus on sustainable water development through integrated water resources management, increased cooperation and participation at all levels, and the engagement and implementation of water resources programs and projects try to spend. Taking this into consideration, the adoption of this Resolution at the global level provides an important and valuable platform to address water issues, which will contribute to the implementation of water-related goals and targets for the Sustainable Development Goals. The Resolution has also consolidated financial resources, various technical assistance, increased the effective use of available financial resources to implement sustainable development resources and created conditions for attracting more investments from various sources.
It should be noted that investment and financing in the water sector, especially for the development of water infrastructure, is one of the key factors in solving water problems, and it is expected that the new decade, the International Decade "Water for Sustainable Development" 2018-2028 will give a strong impetus to this process. Today, the world faces many challenges related to water. According to statistics, more than 750 million people did not have access to safe drinking water in 2017, and with the gradual population growth, about 40 percent of the world's population is expected to face water scarcity by 2030.
Experts are concerned about the misuse of water in agriculture, which has led to salinization and erosion of irrigated land, which, in turn, threatens future food security. Because the world's food resources are produced precisely by agricultural irrigation. Another problem in the water sector is lack of interstate cooperation in transboundary water use. It should be noted that transboundary river basins cover 45% of the globe's land surface and are home to over 40% of the world's population. These basins are located in 145 countries of the world, and without close and comprehensive cooperation it will be difficult to solve water issues in this area and provide decent living standards for their population. Better management of water resources, efficient use of water resources, transition of cooperation and companies, strengthening intellectual, financial and technical activities of water management organizations and increasing funding in this area, which is one of the important goals of the International Decade "Water for Sustainable Development". 2018-2028. The international community will benefit greatly from these issues. The International Decade of Action, Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028, will be implemented under Sustainable Development Goal 6, i.e., universal access to water and sanitation. The Sustainable Development Goals are the new global agenda from 2015 to 2030. According to Sustainable Development Goal 6 goals must be achieved for the global community by 2030:
- Ensure clean and safe drinking water for all of the world's population by 2030;
- Provide all of the world's population with favorable for health conditions by 2030;
- Improve the quality of drinking water by 2030;
- Improve the quality of water use in all sectors by 2030, including agriculture;
- Ensuring water management at all levels by 2030, including through cross-border cooperation;
- Ensuring protection and restoration of aquatic ecosystems, including glaciers, rivers and lakes, by 2020.
"I am confident that the new Decade will make a valuable contribution to strengthening and advancing the water-related Sustainable Development Goals. This Decade will also help to consolidate and expand the achievements of the International Decade 'Water for Life', 2005-2015.
I am confident that the new Decade will contribute to the implementation of other water-related actions, including the work of the High-level Panel on Water, to address current and future challenges that may arise from the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
former UN Secretary General Pan Ki Moon
The goals and objectives of the International Decade of Action "Water for Sustainable Development" for 2018-2028 were reflected in the current needs of the world community, and it was noted that more than 190 countries co-sponsored the resolution, which is an important indicator of the timeliness of Tajikistan's humanitarian initiatives. The Republic of Tajikistan as an active member of influential international organizations constantly speaks from the highest tribunes of the world with great initiatives and initiatives to address global and regional problems, including water and environmental issues for the benefit of humanity and is recognized as a world leader.