Features of preventing and combating manifestations of extremism and terrorism in the youth environment

Features of preventing and combating manifestations of extremism and terrorism in the youth environment

Under the influence of social, political, economic and other factors that are most susceptible to destructive influence, radical views and beliefs are more easily formed among young people. Thus, young citizens join the ranks of extremist and terrorist organizations that actively use young people in their political interests.

The youth environment, due to its social characteristics and acute perception of the environment, is the part of society where negative protest potential is most rapidly accumulated and realized.

In recent years, a number of extremist movements that involve young people in their activities have become more active.

Currently, members of informal youth organizations (groups) of extremist-nationalist orientation are mainly young people under 30 years of age, and often include minors aged 14-18. The perpetrators of crimes are mainly males, but girls are sometimes members of informal youth extremist groups along with young people. It has been noted that young people form the basis of the rank and file of gangs for terrorist acts and its replenishment, because of a number of socio-psychological, physiological and demographic features, they are the most susceptible to ideological influence and are subject to maximalism and radical sentiments. Unlike ordinary groups of teenagers who commit hooligan acts or acts of vandalism, as a rule, with the aim of “having fun”, informal extremist groups carry out their illegal actions based on a certain ideology, the main thesis of which may be, for example, the following: to overcome all political and economic problems in the country, it is necessary to create a “national” state, as this, according to them, will serve as a guarantee against any threats.

Moreover, the idea of a so-called “pure state” is inherent not only to skinheads, but also to religious extremists, who in turn call for the creation of such a “pure state” on a religious basis. It is quite clear that the behavior motivated by such ideas has a strict orientation, aimed in this case against persons of a different nationality or religion. In addition, hatred of the existing authorities, who, in the opinion of extremists, condone the activities of the “perpetrators” of all troubles, is mixed with this, which leads to an even wider spread of extremist ideas. These ideas become the foundation for the formation of informal extremist youth groups.

The system of views imposed by extremists is attractive to young people because of the simplicity and unambiguity of their postulates, promises of the possibility to immediately, this very hour, see the result of their aggressive actions. The need for personal participation in the complex and painstaking process of economic, political and social development is replaced by primitive calls for the complete destruction of existing foundations and their replacement with utopian projects.

Special mention should be made of the need for preventive and prophylactic work to monitor and take measures to eliminate extremist-nationalist and extremist-terrorist sites on the Internet that actively promote the ideology of extremism, nationalism and terrorism, contain calls to commit extremist and terrorist crimes against people of another nationality or religion, foreign nationals, as well as detailed instructions on the manufacture of explosive devices, the commission of terrorist acts, and the use of terrorist acts.

The main features of extremism among youth should be emphasized:

1.Extremism is formed mainly in marginalized environments. It is constantly fueled by the uncertainty of a young person's position and his or her unstable views on what is happening.

2.Extremism most often manifests itself in systems and situations characterized by the absence of existing norms and attitudes oriented towards law-abidingness and consensus with state institutions.

3.Extremism manifests itself more often in those societies and groups where there is a low level of self-respect or where conditions are conducive to ignoring individual rights.

4.This phenomenon is characteristic of communities not so much with the so-called “low level of culture” as with a culture that is broken, deformed, and lacks integrity.

5.Extremism corresponds to societies and groups that have adopted the ideology of violence and preach moral indiscretion, especially in the means of achieving goals.

It should be noted that the existing system of legislation reflecting the legal strategy of countering terrorism and extremism, in general, has a fairly complete set of legal norms that allow to effectively implement the fight against terrorism and extremism. Against the background of preserving and strengthening the force component of the fight against specific terrorist manifestations, it is important to radically increase the effectiveness of countering the ideology of terrorism, to put reliable barriers to its penetration into public consciousness. The ultimate goal of this work is to change the legal psychology of people, to achieve the rejection by the absolute majority of the population of the very idea of the possibility of using terrorist methods to resolve territorial, social, confessional, cultural and any other problems and contradictions.

 

Abdurahmonov Z.V.

Associate professor of the department of social sciences

translated Ismoilov R.


31.05.2024 1358
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