At the department of propaedeutics of children diseases of SEI «ATSMU» 03.01.22 year, an open lesson was held on the topic of «Addiction» with the participation of teachers of the department and the 2nd year of bachelor’s students of the 4th groups (teacher – Kasimova P.V). Presentation was prepared by students of group 4th: Kumawat Somanshu.
Substance use disorder (SUD) is complex a condition in which there is uncontrolled uses of a substance despite harmful consequence. People with SUD have an intense focus on using a certain substance(s) such as alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs, to the point where the person’s ability to function in day to day life becomes impaired. People keep using the substance even when they know it is causing or will cause problems. The most severe SUDs are sometimes called addictions.
People with a substance use disorder may have distorted thinking and behaviors. Changes in the brain’s structure and function are what cause people to have intense cravings, changes in personality, abnormal movements, and other behaviors. Brain imaging studies show changes in the areas of the brain that relate to judgment, decision making, learning, memory, and behavioral control.
People can develop an addiction to:
o PCP, LSD and other hallucinogens
o Inhalants, such as, paint thinners and glue
o Opioid pain killers, such as codeine and oxycodone, heroin
o Sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics (medicines for anxiety such as tranquilizers)
o Cocaine, methamphetamine and other stimulants
Repeated substance use can cause changes in how the brain functions. These changes can last long after the immediate effects of the substance wears off, or in other words, after the period of intoxication. Intoxication is the intense pleasure, euphoria, calm, increased perception and sense, and other feelings that are caused by the substance. Intoxication symptoms are different for each substance.
Department of propaedeutics of children diseases